By the time he is 18 he will have become
Britain's youngest multi-millionaire.
I have been serving an apprenticeship for 2 years.
I have not been watching TV, I have been working.
I had been waiting 3 hours before she arrived.
Look at the examples above and match each to
one of the uses of the perfect tenses described below.
shows the time of an event as being earlier than another time
shows that the speaker sees the event as ongoing
and temporary rather than completed and permanent
emphasises the activity rather than whether or not it is complete
shows the event as being completed by a certain time
The present, past and future continuous tenses are often used to express ideas
similar to those expressed by the perfect continuous.
Discuss with other students the difference in meaning
between the following pairs of sentences
Jim lives with his parents.
Jim is living with his parents
I've been painting the living room.
I've painted the living room.
She asks me to help her with homework whenever I'm around.
She's always asking to help her with homework
and I really don't have the time.
I won't see her again after what she's done to me.
I won't be seeing her again now the course has finished.
Who banged on the door?
Who was banging on the door?
The food is prepared in here.
The food is being prepared in here.
Divide these verbs into five groups according to meaning.
There will be three verbs in each group.
Some verbs can be used in the continuous
form when they have one meaning but not when they have a different meaning.
Decide which of the alternatives below are possible and,
in each case, what the meaning of the verb in bold is.
I'm thinking you should talk to your bank manager.
I'm thinking of spending a week in France in June.
two things you have done in the last year which you are really pleased about
two things you hope you will have done by this time next year
7 Imagine you have won a five-day dream holiday.
You have unlimited funds.
You can go anywhere, use any means of transport and stay in any kind of accommodation.
Work with another student.
Plan your holiday together.
Decide on two main activities for each day of your holiday.
Now work with another pair of students.
Take it in turns to describe your holidays.
Decide who has the best dream holiday.
Remember to use the Future Continuous to describe your itinerary.
Speaking: giving opinions
The examiner sets the candidates a problem-solving task which often involves
a number of pictures or written prompts.
Listen to an examiner setting two candidates a task and look at the pictures below.
What three things does he ask the candidates to do?
Now listen to two students doing the following task.
What's the main problem with the way they interact during the task?
Make a note of any expressions you hear under the
headings below and then add any other expressions you know
Asking for opinions
Now do the task with another student.
Remember to give each other plenty of opportunities to express opinions.
Use a variety of expressions from the columns in the exercise above.
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