The Language of Gender
The words in the box below are gradually being replaced by other words
which do not indicate if the person is male or female.
What are the replacement words?
(Check your ideas with the extract on p.215
from the Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.)
The underlined words have incorrect endings. Replace them with the correct endings.
- The fliqhtperson
came back and asked if I would like some more coffee.
seem to be getting younger and younger these days.
- David will make a very good
for the meeting, I think.
- I could never be a fire attendant.
I would be scared to death!
- The spokesofficer
for the company denied that there would be any further redundancies.
- She's not a very good headmaster.
She finds it difficult to keep the children interested in her lessons.
Here are some words and phrases in everyday use.
Check you understand what they mean.
Then decide if you think they are acceptable or should be replaced
with alternative expressions.
Discuss with other students.
- What do you think the man in the street thinks about this issue?
- Paul is a man of his word. He'll never let you down.
- It's important to be your own man
and not be overly influenced by the opinions of others.
- The audience rose and applauded as one man. The show had been a great success.
- The helpline is manned 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
- The destruction of the environment is the most serious threat facing mankind.
- I'm afraid I can't help you. It's every man for himself
- He's a real man of the people even though
he holds such a position of power and influence.
At the beginning of a new course,
the teacher should always attempt to make his
students feel relaxed and welcome in their new class.
He should introduce himself and men introduce the students to one another.
- Many women today prefer the title Ms to Miss or Mrs. Why do you think this is?
- In many books (see the example below) a choice is made to use he when
referring to unknown individuals.
Is this acceptable?
Alternatives include using she or he/she or even they. What would you recommend?
Grammar check: modifiers/intensifiers
Read the text below and decide if you can use one or both
of the alternatives in each case.
ANDREA CONGREAVES is probably the highest-paid
British woman playing a team sport.
She has been an international basketball-player since the age of 18
but is unrecognised in Britain. In fact, she is a celebrity in Italy where basketball
is the most popular women's sport.
Sometimes this can be quite a pressure.
As she comments: 'A lot is expected of foreign players.
The fans (l) really/terribly
adore you but it can be
overwhelming.' Congreaves is
angry that there is no support for women's basketball in Britain.
Look at the modifiers/intensifiers in the box below.
Using the text below decide which are typically used with gradable adjectives
(e.g. interesting) and which with non-gradable adjectives
Write G or NG next to each adjective.
Tell another student about the last time that you were:
- really cold
- quite pleased with yourself
- totally amazed
- extremely grateful
- pretty annoyed
- absolutely exhausted
Watch out - quite
What's the meaning of quite in these two sentences?
1) I think the match on Saturday is going to be quite hard.
2) I think it's quite ridiculous of you to play in a match when you are feeling so ill!
It (4) completely/really
annoys me that basketball isn't recognised in this country.
The media could do more and the Sports Council should give more money to the sport.'
As the England women's team manager comments,
'Andrea is (5) terribly/very
modest, but she is (6) extremely/really
important to England. She is one of the best players in Europe.' Andrea is not
optimistic about the future for British basketball. 'Even if we do
(8) quite/ reasonably
well in future major championships, I don't believe things will change.
It's a shame because there are a lot of (9) extremely/totally
talented players in this country who just aren't getting the support they deserve.
English in Use
Read the text below. Is it written by someone who:
- doesn't like football fans?
- can't understand football fans?
- is a completely dedicated fan?
- wishes he wasn't a fan?
|THE LIFE OF A FOOTBALL FAN
Being a fan is not a vicarious pleasure, despite
all appearance to the contrary. Our fun is not
a (1)...-down version of the team's fun, even
though they are the ones that get to score the
goals. The (2).... we feel on occasions like this
is not a (3).... of others' good fortune, but it is
truly your own. And when there is a (4).... defeat
the sorrow that engulfs us is, in effect, self-pity.
The players are merely our (5) .... I am a part
of the club, just as the club is part of me; and I
say this with total (6).... that the club (7).... my
views, and treats me (8)..... on occasions.
Read the text again.
- What part of speech e.g. noun, adjective etc. should go in each space?
- Should the missing word be in a positive or negative form?
Now use the words in the box to the right of the text to form one word that
fits in the same numbered space in the text.
Compare your ideas with other students.
Decide on your final set of correct answers. Then check in a dictionary.
Now try another word-formation task.
|THE ART OF FENCING
Fencing is a popular sport that demands (1) ...
and quick reflexes. It is,
(2) ... , the modern
version of the
(3) ... duel and the weapons that
are used are the modern
(4) ... of the everyday
swords of the past.
The 'foil' is the weapon
distinguished by its
(5).....and hits are made
only on the trunk of the body,
not the limbs or
head. The 'epee' is most like the old duelling
sword and is stiffer and more solid.
It is (6) ...
with this to make hits anywhere on the body,
head or limbs. The 'sabre' is like the old cavalry
sword and has proved its
(7) ... in cutting as
well as thrusting. Fencers wear masks and thick
(8) ... from injuries which can
occur during matches.
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