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Grammar plus: modals (advanced features)

Practice the Advanced Exam with these Mock Tests. See how you do before the real exam. Match each of the following sentences to the idea they express.
  1. Couples can miss each other when separated. ____________
  2. She could read before she started school. ____________
  3. I've got to finish this work before I go to bed. ____________
  4. You can't smoke in here. ____________
  5. You ought to take better care of your dog. ____________
  6. You must have had a great holiday. You look so well. ____________
  7. You needn't come to the the airport with me. ____________
  8. Can I use your car to pick up some shelves? ____________
  1. permission
  2. theoretical possibility
  3. weak obligation
  4. strong obligation
  5. lack of obligation
  6. prohibition
  7. deduction
  8. ability
Look again. What other modals can be used to express the ideas below? Give examples.
EXAMPLE: permission - can, may

Go back to the 'Sweet Nothings' article and find three examples of modals. What ideas/meanings do they express?

Some of the sentences below are incorrect or don't make sense. Change them as necessary.
  1. You don't have to bring a calculator into the exam room. If you do, you will automatically fail.
  2. They might not have known that the main road was closed.
  3. Do I may leave early today? I'll come in at 8 a.m. tomorrow.
  4. You would better shut the window before you catch cold.
  5. Can't you to play any musical instrument?
  6. You might as well go home now. There's nothing more you can do here.
  7. You should stay up until 11p.m. tonight as it's your birthday but then you must go to bed.
  8. Do we have to visit our cousins on Sunday?
  9. Try as I might, I couldn't make him understand my point of view.
  10. The gift is beautiful but I couldn't possibly accept it.
  11. She can have misunderstood what you were trying to say. Why else would she react so strangely?
  12. Oughn't we to have invited Pete and Sarah to the party?
  13. By the end of this month I hope I can use this new computer programme without any difficulty.
Beginning with the words given, make the second sentence in each case below mean approximately the same as the first sentence.
  1. It's not a good idea to drink coffee just before you go to bed.
    You
  2. I am as happy as it is possible for me to be.
    I couldn't
  3. It's possible for it to get very cold here in winter.
    It
  4. It's impossible that they took the car without asking.
    They
  5. It's essential for all students to register by Wednesday at 11a.m.
    All students
  6. It really wasn't necessary for you to put up those shelves. But I am glad you did.
    You
  7. Perhaps they didn't realise how late it was.
    They
  8. It would be inadvisable to book the flight until you are sure you can go.
    You'd
  9. Isn't it necessary to switch the heating on manually? It doesn't have a timer.
    Don't
  10. It wouldn't have been right for me to let you pay for everything.
    I
  11. It was wrong of her to call me all those names.
    She

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