Read the text below and decide which answer
(A, b, C or D) best fits each space. There is an example at the beginning (0).
WHY ARE THEY SO WEIRD?
When they finally (0)
at lunchtime on a Saturday and need a crane to get them up on schoolday mornings,
teenagers are not just being lazy. Their biological clocks
on a different time of adults, because the hormone melatonin,
sleepiness, starts to be secreted in the brain
much later at night and
later in the morning.
Researchers have found that student do worse in exams when they
them in the morning compared with in the afternoon. 'Teenagers' body clocks can be
delayed by between two and four hours, and they don't start to
until at least 10 a.m.', says professor Russell Foster, a neuroscientist at Oxford
university. 'The timetable is not very well thought
It is cruel to impose a cultural
on teenagers that make
them underachieve,' he adds. 'Most schools' regimes force teenagers to work
at a time of day that is suboptimal, and
many university students are
to considerable dangers
from sleep deprivation,' Prof. Foster says.
Teenager who hide in their rooms may be
. Strauch, another neuroscientist, says,
'That doesn't mean we are not supposed to have them take out
the rubbish and be part of the family. But it does
teach us that there are enormous changes going on inside their brains.
'I think the most
thing it teaches us is that
they aren't finished yet. That helps us to be a little bit more patient.
Teenagers may look grown up but they
are not grown-ups.
There is still a lot of development
in their brains.'
||coming to light
Mind and Brain
Find the missing words - Expression with mind and brain.
- Solving this problem has taken all my brain
- There was one scene in the film that really
____________ my mind.
- His natural supporters are the urban poor,
and educated people of a liberal
____________ of mind.
- I've been
my brains all day but I can't remember her name.
- He's certainly not afraid to
____________ his mind.
- Chris phoned to say they'd arrived safely,
so that really
____________ my mind at rest.
- I couldn't concentrate on my work - my mind was
____________ other things.
- I was ____________
Simon's brains about which computer to buy.
- The good thing about running is that it
____________ my mind off any problems I've got.
- If you
your mind about coming tonight, just give me a call.
- The candidate's brain
is gathering this weekend to plan strategy for the primary election.
- When the gunmen came into the bank, she had the
____________ of mind to press the alarm.
- The team got together to brain
____________ (the project).
- The mystery as a real brain
but we eventually solved it!
- It's been at the
of my mind to call peter for several days now,
but I haven't got round to it yet.
For question 1-12 read the following teacher's comments on a school project.
use the information in it to complete the
numbered gaps in the informal letter from the student who did the project.
The words which you need do not occur in the teacher's comment.
use no more than two words for each gap. The exercise begins with an example (0).
Example: 0 to complete
||Margaret's report on 'Language Development in Two-Year-Old Twins'
represents a year's painstaking work.
The case study shows various strengths,
particularly acute observations but the material
could have been more efficiently organised.
The paper was perhaps over-ambitious since it extended
10,000 words instead of the recommended 5,000.
||The writing is lively but too colloquial
for this kind of text. Margaret is also sometimes
inaccurate in her choice of vocabulary,
with unfortunate results.
||The project is pleasantly illustrated with photographs
and some useful charts, though it is a pity these were not original.
The work is marred by a number of typing and spelling
errors and would have benefited from stricter
proof-reading before submission.
How are you getting on with your language project?
As you know, it took me a year
(0) to complete
And now I've just got a copy of the comments the teacher made on it,
and she obviously thinks it's a disaster!
She seems quite
with my observations, but said the material could have been much
I think that I probably
high because I
to 10,000 words when we were only
do 5,000. She certainly thought it was far
Then she criticised me for using too much
and sometimes getting the
At least she
of the pictures I spent hours preparing
(although she seemed to think I had
But then she had a go at me about the number of
I made, and she obviously thinks these have
the whole project.
I suppose the lesson to learn is that I should have let
someone read it before I
Hope you have better luck than me.
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