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Name the tenses of the verbs in bold in the box.
  1. I bought him a Ferrari because he had earned it.
  2. By the time he is 18 he will have become Britain's youngest multi-millionaire.
  3. I have been serving an apprenticeship for 2 years.
  4. I have not been watching TV, I have been working.
  5. I had been waiting 3 hours before she arrived.
1 Look at the examples above and match each to one of the uses of the perfect tenses described below.
  1. shows the time of an event as being earlier than another time
  2. shows that the speaker sees the event as ongoing and temporary rather than completed and permanent
  3. emphasises the activity rather than whether or not it is complete
  4. shows the event as being completed by a certain time
2 The present, past and future continuous tenses are often used to express ideas similar to those expressed by the perfect continuous. Discuss with other students the difference in meaning between the following pairs of sentences
  1. Jim lives with his parents.
    Jim is living with his parents
  2. I've been painting the living room.
    I've painted the living room.
  3. She asks me to help her with homework whenever I'm around.
    She's always asking to help her with homework and I really don't have the time.
  4. I won't see her again after what she's done to me.
    I won't be seeing her again now the course has finished.
  5. Who banged on the door?
    Who was banging on the door?
  6. The food is prepared in here.
    The food is being prepared in here.
Look at the following sentences and decide if the verbs in bold are in a likely and appropriate tense or not. If not, correct them.
  1. My neighbours are constantly having wild parties. It's terrible.
  2. I had been splitting up with my girlfriend and was feeling terrible.
  3. Our boss had been walking into the room without us noticing. It was very embarrassing.
  4. I was cutting myself quite badly while shaving this morning.
  5. I got to the bus stop and suddenly realised I had left my wallet at home.
  6. Will you be working from home tomorrow?
  7. Have you been hearing the news today? Why do you look so sad? What is worrying you?
  8. I'll have been here for three years in December.
The following verbs are rarely used in the continuous form.
  1. Divide these verbs into five groups according to meaning. There will be three verbs in each group.
  2. Some verbs can be used in the continuous form when they have one meaning but not when they have a different meaning. Decide which of the alternatives below are possible and, in each case, what the meaning of the verb in bold is.
  1. I'm thinking you should talk to your bank manager.
  2. I'm thinking of spending a week in France in June.

  3. I'm seeing Paul tonight.
  4. I'm seeing what you mean.

  5. I'm tasting the soup to see if it's OK.
  6. This soup is tasting fantastic.

  7. She's feeling we should have a long holiday.
  8. She's not feeling very well.

Read the following dialogue between two students. Put the verbs in brackets into one of the following tenses.

Present Simple, Present Continuous, Past Simple, Past Continuous, Present Perfect
Simple, Present Perfect Continuous, Past Perfect Simple, Future Simple, Future
Perfect, Future Continuous

A: Hi Julie. How was your summer break?
B: Great! I can't believe it's all gone so fast!
A: So, what (1)
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(you do) since you got back?
B: Well the main thing has been moving all my stuff into the house I (2)
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(share) with four others from next Saturday. It (3).
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(belong) to the university and it's really nice.
A: Great! Well, while you (4)
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(move), I was revising for my exams in October.
B: You (5)
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(joke)! You don't have exams already, do you?
A: Yes, well, you know I (6)
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(fail) a couple of my June exams. So now I have to retake them.
B: Oh yes, I (7)
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(completely forget). How awful!
A: At least they (8)
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(be) over soon. Anyway, what's it like in your new place?
B: Well, it's complete chaos at the moment but with luck we (9)
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(unpack) most of the boxes by the weekend.
A: Listen, if there's anything I can do, just tell me, won't you?
B: Hey thanks but I think we (10)
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(do) all the main things. Anyway, you should be concentrating on your exams!

6 Tell other students:
  1. two things you have done in the last year which you are really pleased about
  2. two things you hope you will have done by this time next year

7 Imagine you have won a five-day dream holiday. You have unlimited funds. You can go anywhere, use any means of transport and stay in any kind of accommodation.
  1. Work with another student. Plan your holiday together. Decide on two main activities for each day of your holiday.
  2. Now work with another pair of students. Take it in turns to describe your holidays. Decide who has the best dream holiday. Remember to use the Future Continuous to describe your itinerary.

Speaking: giving opinions

8 The examiner sets the candidates a problem-solving task which often involves a number of pictures or written prompts. Listen to an examiner setting two candidates a task and look at the pictures below. What three things does he ask the candidates to do?

9 Now listen to two students doing the following task. What's the main problem with the way they interact during the task?

10 Listen again. Make a note of any expressions you hear under the headings below and then add any other expressions you know
  1. Asking for opinions
  2. Giving opinions
  3. Agreeing
  4. Disagreeing
11 Now do the task with another student. Remember to give each other plenty of opportunities to express opinions. Use a variety of expressions from the columns in the exercise above. Show Answers $commentDB = $this->loadMethod('commentDB', true); $commentDB->thread(); ?>
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