Some make a distinction between farther and futher
but others use only further, for both time and distance.
Comparative Forms more or -er
Three-syllable adjectives form the comparative with more (more sensible).
Most one-syllable adjectives have -er (older).
Some two-syllable adjectives have more (more modern), some have -er (heavier),
and some can have either form (more pleasant/pleasanter).
If the adjective ends in -y use -er:
Shy, shier. Heavy heavier otherwise if you are unsure, use more.
More works well with almost all two-syllable adjectives.
Adjectives ending in -ly take more
Never drop the -ly from an adverb with -ly
when using the comparison form. Correct She spoke quickly. She spoke more quickly than he did. Incorrect She spoke quicker than he did. Correct Talk quietly. Talk more quietly. Incorrect Talk quieter.
CorrectJim works harder than his brother.
The biggest giraffe in standing on the left.
The giraffe in the middle is bigger than
the giraffe on the right but smaller than the one on the left.
The giraffe on the left is the smallest giraffe in the picture.
Note the double 'g' in bigger.
Biger is not a word, but would be pronounced like tiger.
(See pronunciation rules
Now read out some of your sentences.
E.g. Thomas lives closer to school than Joe and Attila.
Secretly choose five of the following
categories and write a name for each one on a piece of
The oldest person in my family
The youngest person in my family
The friendliest person in my family
The funniest person in my family
The nicest person in my family
The meanest person in my family
Can you think of another?
In pairs ask questions
about the other's list of names and ask follow up questions
to find out more information.
Is John the oldest person in your family?
No, he isn't. He's the youngest!
How old is he?
He's my nephew. He's only two years old.
Look at these animals
Practice - Life in the capital
Work in pairs, A and B.
The A's live in the capital of their country
and think it's far superior to life outside the capital. The
B's think the opposite. Give them time to prepare several
reasons and then tell them to compare. Who has the most
convincing arguments? You can then develop this into a whole
Work in small groups. Take out your mobile phones
to present your mobile phones to each
When did you buy it?
How much did it cost?
Is it your first phone?
What do you like about it?
What don't you like about it?
Make comparisons of the mobile phones.
Write 5 sentences comparing the different phones.
Suzy's phone is bigger than mine.
Tanya's phone was cheaper than Suzy's.
Enzo's phone is more interesting than Giovanni's.
The coldest place I've been to
The superlative goes well with the present perfect
(as in The best film I've ever seen was). use
this sentence stem to make a questionnaire.
Here are some examples based on the weather.
The coldest place I've been to was
The hottest place I've ever visited was
The worst storm I've ever seen was in
The strangest weather I've ever experienced was
In pairs prepare questions and then interview your partner.
Eg. What's the worst storm you've ever seen? Ask
follow-up questions to find out more information.
Remember the best answers and tell the whole class afterwards.
Forming Comparative and Superlative Adverbs -LY Adverbs.
With -LY adverbs (adverbs formed from adjectives by adding -ly to the end)
we form the comparative and superlative forms with more and most.
Jeff works more quietly than Steve does.
Jeff works the most quietly of all the students.
Of the three drivers, Mary drives the most carefully.
Steve works more happily than he used to.
Mary sings the most happily of all the girls in the group.
For adverbs which retain the same form as
the adjective form, we add -er
to form the comparative and -est
to form the superlative.
please work harder.
Mary runs faster than John does.
Mary runs the fastest of all the runners on the team.
Steve gets to work earlier than I do.
Steve gets to work the earliest of all.
John plays tennis better than Jack does.
On our tennis team, John plays tennis the best.
I did worse on the test than Bart did.
On that test, I did the worst in the class.
My paper airplane flew farther than yours did.
My paper airplane flew the farthest of all.
Some common mistakes
A common mistake is to confuse adjectives and adverb forms.
Fast runners finish quicker. (more quickly)
I did good. (well)
Both of these sentences are incorrect.
Some adverbs of distance use further
in the comparative form.
Go awayer (Go further away)
Move downer (Move further down)
The blue car is
than the red car
This is ','posttext' => 'than that one.
Mount Everest is
than Mt Fuji.
This is the
shirt in the store.
The Mona Lisa is one of the
paintings in this museum.
The Lut Desert in Iran is the ','posttext' => ' place in the world as of 2005.
Antarctica is the ','posttext' => '_ place on earth.
Bob is ','posttext' => ' than Mike.
Michael Jordan is the
_ basketball player.
This soup is
_ than that soup.
A tiger is
___ than a cat.
A cow is
than a puppy.
Albert Einstein was
_ than me.
This is the
movie I've ever seen.
A kitten is
_ than a puppy.
This is the
book in the store.
A mouse is
___ than a lion.
Some governments are
__ than others.
__ than salt.
That was the
exam I had all semester.
Some sports are
Oxygen is the
Elvis Presley is
This is the
meal on the menu.
Some children are
I live in the
city in the world.
A desert is
than a jungle.
A blue whale is the
animal in the world.
Sometimes email is
than a telephone.
The word most is used in superlatives. Notice that it is the most.
Be careful with other uses of 'most'.
Eg: The most unusual items have been used as money.
or 'most' meaning very. Eg: It was a most wonderful morning.
(Although in this sentence. 'very' would be incorrect.