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Phonetic Chart

These days we can usually listen to the actual sounds, but it is often useful to know these symbols and what sounds they refer to. If you know these symbols and sounds, you can understand more about how words are pronounced. These sounds are not absolutely fixed, as each regional accent will shift these sounds to a certain degree. For example the short -i- sound of FISH shifts towards the sound of EGG for Scottish speakers. See the section on Mergers.

The English Vowel Sounds

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The English Dipthong Vowel Sounds

Phonetic SymbolPhonetic SymbolPhonetic SymbolPhonetic SymbolPhonetic SymbolPhonetic SymbolPhonetic SymbolPhonetic Symbol

The English Consonant Sounds

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