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Regular past verb pronunciation

  1. The sound before the -ed ending.
    The final verb sound of the past -ed root infinitive verb, for example: talk or miss determines the sound of the -ed ending
  2. When the verb before -ed ends in a t or d sound the -ed ending is pronounced t ɪ d
  3. When the verb does not end in a
    t or d ehe -ed ending is pronounced either d.gif or t according to which ever is easier.
Examples The -D- sound d at the end of the infinitive joins to an -ed sounding like; tɪd
We applauded their efforts yesterday.
-L l at the end of the present simple verb, joins to; d I travelled alot when I was a student.
-S at the end s t I missed you while I was away. k d They missed the boat. g p t əʊ aɪ eə

1 Regular verb endings '-ed' /d/ /t/ /??d/

How to pronounce -ed verb endings

2 - Reading


Yesterday, I managed to walk all the way to the shops. I had walked for over five miles when I entered a supermarket, where I escaped from the bad weather and topped up my mobile phone credit. I rested for a few minutes then continued with my journey. I tried to catch a bus but unfortunately I just missed it. It passed my stop and disappeared from view. It rained a lot that day, so I decided to buy an umbrella. I opened up the umbrella and almost poked an old lady in the eye! She was a little surprised but soon realised that it had been an accident and looked happy enough as she wandered off down the street.

3 - Writing

Write a life history using as many regular verbs as possible. How many regular verbs can you use?

4 - Task

Choose a letter, A-Z then match every regular verb ending for the verbs beginning with your letter to the sounds a b or c. Make two correct sentence with your regular verb and say the sentences out aloud. The first sentence should contain the present simple verb form. Eg: "Every day I ..." and the second sentence should contain the past simple or third form of the verb, which are the same for regular berbs. Eg: "Yesterday I ..." or I have been .... for years
Example: Everyday I peep out of my window. Yesterday, I peeped out of my window. p iː p t
Do the verbs have noun forms or adjective forms? If so, what are they?

5a Letter 'A'

accept, add, admire, admit, advise, afford, agree, alert, allow, amuse, analyse, announce, annoy, answer, apologise, appear, applaud, appreciate, approve, argue, arrange, arrest, arrive, ask, attach, attack, attempt, attend, attract, avoid.

5b Letter 'B'

back, bake, balance, ban, bang, bare, bat, bathe, battle, beam, beg, behave, belong, bleach, bless, blind, blink, blot, blush, boast, boil, bolt, bomb, book, bore, borrow, bounce, bow, box, brake, branch, breathe, bruise, brush, bubble, bump, burn, bury, buzz.

5c - Letter 'C'

calculate, call, camp, care, carry, carve, cause, challenge, change, charge, chase, cheat, check, cheer, chew, choke, chop, claim, clap, clean, clear, clip, close, coach, coil, collect, colour, comb, command, communicate, compare, compete, complain, complete, concentrate, concern, confess, confuse, connect, consider, consist, contain, continue, copy, correct, cough, count, cover, crack, crash, crawl, cross, crush, cry, cure, curl, curve, cycle.

5d - Letter 'D'

dam, damage, dance, dare, decay, deceive, decide, decorate, delay, delight, deliver, depend, describe, desert, deserve, destroy, detect, develop, disagree, disappear, disapprove, disarm, discover, dislike, divide, double, doubt, drag, drain, dream, dress, drip, drop, drown, drum, dry, dust, YouTube

5e Letter 'E'

earn, educate, embarrass, employ, empty, encourage, end, enjoy, enter, entertain, escape, examine, excite, excuse, exercise, exist, expand, expect, explain, explode, extend.

5f Letter 'F'

face, fade, fail, fancy, fasten, fax, fear, fence, fetch, file, fill, film, fire, fit, fix, flap, flash, float, flood, flow, flower, fold, follow, fool, force, form, found, frame, frighten, fry.

5g Letter 'G'

gather, gaze, glow, glue, grab, grate, grease, greet, grin, grip, groan, guarantee, guard, guess, guide,

5h Letter 'H'

hammer, hand, handle, hang, happen, harass, harm, hate, haunt, head, heal, heap, heat, help, hook, hop, hope, hover, hug, hum, hunt, hurry,

5i Letter 'I'

identify, ignore, imagine, impress, improve, include, increase, influence, inform, inject, injure, instruct, intend, interest, interfere, interrupt, introduce, invent, invite, irritate, itch,

5j Letter 'J'

jail, jam, jog, join, joke, judge, juggle, jump,

5k Letter 'K'

kick, kill, kiss, kneel, knit, knock, knot,

5l Letter 'L'

label, land, last, laugh, launch, learn, level, license, lick, lie, lighten, like, list, listen, live, load, lock, long, look, love,

5m Letter 'M'

man, manage, march, mark, marry, match, mate, matter, measure, meddle, melt, memorise, mend, mess up, milk, mine, miss, mix, moan, moor, mourn, move, muddle, mug, multiply, murder,

5n Letter 'N'

nail, name, need, nest, nod, note, notice, number,

5o Letter 'O'

obey, object, observe, obtain, occur, offend, offer, open, order, overflow, owe, own,

5p Letter 'P'

pack, paddle, paint, park, part, pass, paste, pat, pause, peck, pedal, peel, peep, perform, permit, phone, pick, pinch, pine, place, plan, plant, play, please, plug, point, poke, polish, pop, possess, post, pour, practise, pray, preach, precede, prefer, prepare, present, preserve, press, pretend, prevent, prick, print, produce, program, promise, protect, provide, pull, pump, punch, puncture, punish, push,

5q Letter 'Q'

question, queue,

5r Letter 'R'

race, radiate, rain, raise, reach, realise, receive, recognise, record, reduce, reflect, refuse, regret, reign, reject, rejoice, relax, release, rely, remain, remember, remind, remove, repair, repeat, replace, reply, report, reproduce, request, rescue, retire, return, rhyme, rinse, risk, rob, rock, roll, rot, rub, ruin, rule, rush,

5s Letter 'S'

sack, sail, satisfy, save, saw, scare, scatter, scold, scorch, scrape, scratch, scream, screw, scribble, scrub, seal, search, separate, serve, settle, shade, share, shave, shelter, shiver, shock, shop, shrug, sigh, sign, signal, sin, sip, ski, skip, slap, slip, slow, smash, smell, smile, smoke, snatch, sneeze, sniff, snore, snow, soak, soothe, sound, spare, spark, sparkle, spell, spill, spoil, spot, spray, sprout, squash, squeak, squeal, squeeze, stain, stamp, stare, start, stay, steer, step, stir, stitch, stop, store, strap, strengthen, stretch, strip, stroke, stuff, subtract, succeed, suck, suffer, suggest, suit, supply, support, suppose, surprise, surround, suspect, suspend, switch,

5t Letter 'T'

talk, tame, tap, taste, tease, telephone, tempt, terrify, test, thank, thaw, tick, tickle, tie, time, tip, tire, touch, tour, tow, trace, trade, train, transport, trap, travel, treat, tremble, trick, trip, trot, trouble, trust, try, tug, tumble, turn, twist, type,

5u Letter 'U'

undress, unfasten, unite, unlock, unpack, untidy, use,

5v Letter 'V'

vanish, visit,

5w Letter 'W'

wail, wait, walk, wander, want, warm, warn, wash, waste, watch, water, wave, weigh, welcome, whine, whip, whirl, whisper, whistle, wink, wipe, wish, wobble, wonder, work, worry, wrap, wreck, wrestle, wriggle,

5x-y-z Letter 'x-y-z'

x-ray, yawn, yell, zip, zoom,

6 - How do we know how to pronounce a new regular Verb?

Which of these statements are true and which false? Enter "true" or "false" in each gap
  1. The sound of the -ed ending depends on the first letter of the verb.
    Login please   ____________   X
  2. All -ed endings of regular verbs have the same unstressed pronunciation.
    Login please   ____________   X
  3. Regular verb endings are pronounced in a way that connects best with the sound immediately before the -ed ending.
    Login please   ____________   X
  4. All past verb forms end in 'ed'.
    Login please   ____________   X

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